When the salade niçoise arrives at the table, many people will complain “That’s not what I ordered.”
Why is that?
Because everyone seems to have their own idea about what goes in it. Many times I’ve been asked, “You live in France. Someone said I can’t put ham/cucumber/chicken in my salade niçoise. The French do, don’t they?” Well, in Paris you can get a niçoise with a lot of things in it that you wouldn’t find if you ordered it in Provence. Even rice and carrots. Does that make it right? Do we really care?
Any salade niçoise will include tomatoes, ripe (black) olives, and some sort of greens. Most will include potatoes, green beans, hard-boiled eggs, tuna and anchovies. Some, to be very Mediterranean, will include artichoke hearts and some garlic. Several times I’ve seen it served with an American touch of fresh corn.
What you don’t want to do, under any circumstances, is put ranch dressing on a salade niçoise. That is the bottom line. In France you’ll only find vinaigrette dressing: vinegar, a dab of hot mustard, salt and pepper and then the oil. (Vinegar first so the oil will mix well.)
This being said, and without further introduction, here is what would pass for the “real” recipe for Salade Niçoise. The proportions will serve 6, but you can dress the plates individually rather than serve it in one large bowl, if you want.
And yes, Drew Barrymore, it comes with the “little fishies” (see the opening scene of E.T.)
- salad greens to line the bowl (usually Boston lettuce or red leaf lettuce)
- 1 lb fresh thin green beans, cold
- 2 or 3 medium-sized potatoes, cold, cooked and diced
- 3-6 medium-sized tomatoes, ripe but still very firm
- 3 hard-boiled eggs
- 1 c chunk tuna (about 6 oz), flaked
- 12 anchovy fillets
- 1 T capers
- 1 garlic clove, cut in half
- pitted ripe olives
- 1 c vinaigrette
- chopped fresh herbs such as chervil and tarragon (1 T each)
- salt & freshly ground pepper
- optional: 6 scallions, minced
- Cut the tips off the green beans and peel the potatoes. Blanch the beans and cook the potatoes separately in salted boiling water until they are barely tender. Then pour off the water, cool under running water for a few minutes or in a bowl with ice water so that they don’t continue to cook. Drain well.
- Wash the lettuce, throwing away any wilted leaves, and spin or gently pat dry.
- Dice the potatoes and cut the green beans into pieces about 2" long.
- Wash the tomatoes and cut them into four or six pieces, depending on their size
- Rub the bowl with the garlic and line the bowl with the lettuce.
- Mix the potatoes and green beans together with the capers. Salt and pepper to taste. Then season with a little of the vinaigrette dressing, and arrange in the bowl.
- Decorate with the tuna, anchovy fillets, olives, and the egg and tomato wedges.
- Season with the remaining vinaigrette and sprinkle the minced herbs (and optional scallions) over the top.
- Remember: both capers and anchovies are salty, so you might want to go easy on the salt in the vinaigrette.
- Small, French-style black olives are best, but canned olives can be substituted if necessary. Large Greek-style olives are not recommended. A word to the wise: the French rarely pit their olives, so be forewarned!